Pathogens: What is it and How they Spread


We all want to live a happy and healthy life. For that to happen, we need to take care of our bodies, mind, and soul. The human body is fragile and small, microscopic organisms can cause great damage and immensely affect the way we live our lives. Pathogens are one of the main reasons behind infections and diseases humans have to face. Given their role in people’s health, it’s important to understand what pathogens actually are, how they spread, and what sort of damages they can cause. 

Let’s take a closer look at these microbes and all the important information you need to know to fight them off properly. 

Different Types of Pathogens? 

As already mentioned, pathogens are responsible for infections and diseases in the human body. Their main task once they enter our body is to survive and reproduce and in that sense, they are no different from other living creatures. However, given the effect they have on our health, it’s important to identify them and fight them off as successfully as possible. 

The main system of defense our body has against these microbes is our immunity. Depending on the strength of our immune systems as well as the type of pathogen we’re dealing with, the consequences will vary. While our body is able to fight off some of them with minimal struggle, some of them, unfortunately, might be fatal for the host. 


When it comes to this type of pathogens, some of them are bad for people while others are essential for our body to function properly. They are known for fast reproduction once they enter a human organism, producing a high level of toxins that can be extremely dangerous for tissue and cause many illnesses. 

Most doctors prescribe antibiotics as a treatment of health issues caused by bacteria but some of them are becoming resistant to these medications. This can occur naturally, but it can also be the result of the overuse of antibiotics. 


Smaller than bacteria, viruses are made up of a piece of a genetic code, DNA or RNA for example, and are coated by the protein which serves as a protective shield around them. Once they enter a host’s body, they invade his or her cells and use the components to reproduce. This processor reproduction means hundreds and thousands of new viruses will start to overtake the cells of the host.  


When it comes to pathogens, fungi are the type that’s widely spread. There are thousands of them and some can have quite a negative effect on human health. One of the most common and well-known fungi conditions is an athlete’s foot. Due to their structure, some of them can be very difficult to get rid of.

Aside from the nucleus, their cells also have various components that are protected by the tick membrane. Also, certain researches show that certain fungi types are becoming more resistant as they are developing the power to anticipate the body’s immune response and protect themselves from the threats. 


People living in the tropical and subtropical climate are more likely to get parasitic infections, but other areas are still not completely excluded. These tiny organisms are living either in or on the host and use him or her as a primary source of food. The most famous types of parasites are protozoa that multiply in your body, helminths also known as worms, and ectoparasites that feed off your skin. 

How Do Pathogens Spread? 

Even though there are more than a few types of pathogens, they are generally transmitted in the same ways. However, according to HealthySole® clinical studies, there are innovative ways that can help us fight against the existence of these microbes in our working and living space. Thanks to products such as ultraviolet-C (UVC) light, you can now eliminate all of these dangerous organisms. 

Most of them are being spread through the air. So, sneezing, coughing, and even talking to someone infected can create health issues for you. Bloodborne transmissions are also a possibility. Having sexual intercourse with a sick person or coming into contact with their sweat and saliva can make you ill. 

To protect yourself from pathogens, you should wash your hands regularly, prepare and store food properly, practice safe sex, and avoid sharing personal items such as toothbrushes and razors with other people. Also, if you’re traveling to countries with a tropical climate, make sure you get all the needed vaccines. 

These are some of the most known types of pathogens and the ways they spread. The most important thing is to make your immune system strong and take all the precautions to stay safe and healthy.